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Information about Istanbul 2019: the Tale of Two Continents

: 2018-12-13 Modified date : 2019-05-30

Information about Istanbul 2019: the Tale of Two Continents
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In this complete article, you can find information about the city of Istanbul that concerns the tourist, the investor, the resident, and the newcomer. It highlights the various aspects of life and the most important information about Istanbul, such as:
Istanbul's history, Istanbul's geography, Istanbul's municipalities, transportation in Istanbul, Istanbul's water canal, Istanbul's new airport, Mall of Istanbul, Istanbul schools, Istanbul tourism, Grand Bazaar, Istanbul markets, Hagia Sophia, Sultan Ahmed ... And so many more important facts and information, follow them in this article.

Istanbul over ages

If you mention history, you must mention it as a witness to history and still breathing until now, at an age that exceeds eight thousand and five hundred years.
If you study geography, you must study it as a lingering model of the present, which for centuries has been linked to its unique strategic position between the civilizations of the East and the West.
Historical picture of the city of Istanbul
It is Istanbul, the biggest city in Turkey with its economic, tourist and cultural capital.
Historically known as Byzantium, Constantinople, Istanbul, and Islambol, it was called the Seven Hills City and the City of Minarets.

Where is Istanbul located?

Istanbul is located in the Marmara region in the northwest of the country, bordered to the north by the Black Sea, to the south by the Sea of Marmara, to the east by the provinces of Sakarya and Kocaeli, and to the west by the province of Tekirdağ; It is also characterized by the diversity of geographical terrain to extend its area on two continents!
 Imagine life in Istanbul in the past

Istanbul: Facts and figures

Istanbul is one of the largest urban cities in Europe, with a population of 16 million. The city is administratively divided into 40 municipalities, of which 27 are the central city, all known as Greater Istanbul.

Total area of the city

  5461 km 2

Land area

  5343 km 2

Central City Area

  1830 km 2


Economically
, Istanbul is the biggest industrial center in Turkey. It contributes to growth rates ranked among the highest in the country, including:

Employment rate

 20 %

Percentage of industrial production

 38 %

Percentage of exports

 55 %

A recent report by the American Insider Monkey website classified Istanbul as one of the cities favored by world billionaires in terms of the number of rich people living in it.
The life of luxury in Istanbul

Map of Istanbul and its administrative division

It is not easy to manage a city with the size of Istanbul and provide all the services needed for millions of residents daily, thus, the city was divided according to an effective system which is the municipal system, the great Istanbul Municipality is the main municipality of Istanbul and the main nerve of the other municipalities. It was established in 1984 and coordinates, follow-up and supervise the other municipalities.
The following is a review of Istanbul's 40 municipalities:

 Istanbul Buyuksehir (Great)

European side

Asian side

1.   Esenyurt

26.    Atasehir

2.   Fatih

27.   Uskudar

3.   Esenler

28.    Pendik

4.  Arnavutköy

29.    Beykoz

5.   Avcilar

30. Cekmcekoy

6.   Eyup

31.    Tuzla

7.  Basaksehir

32. Princes  Islands

8.   Bagcilar

33. Sultanbeyli

9.   Bahcelieveler

34. Sancaktepe

10.    Besiktas

35.    Sile

11.    Bakirkoy

36.   Ümraniye

12.    Beyoğlu

37.   Kadikoy

13.   Bayrampasa

38.   Kartal

14.   Beylikduzu

39.    Maltepe

15.   Buyukcekmce

 

16.    Çatalca

17.   Zeytunburnu

18.    Sarıyer

19.    Sultangazi

20.    Silvery

21.    Sisli

22. Gaziosmanpaşa

23.    Gungoren

24.    Kağıthane

25. Kucukcekmece

Istanbul Map of Istanbul, Istanbul

Istanbul Transport Revolution

The city of Istanbul is currently full of transport projects that are underway, and once completed, the transportation is expected to change completely in Istanbul!
The city's residents will be able to commute at a fast pace through a complex network covering the city, which will make the problem of transportation from the memories of the past. The following are all the means of transportation available in Istanbul:

Istanbul Metro

In addition to the current lines, the Greater Istanbul Municipality is constructing and developing more than 18 new metro lines in Istanbul. The total length of the Istanbul metro lines is expected to exceed 1,000 km by 2023, and the infrastructure of the new railways is being continuously upgraded with using the latest driverless driving technologies, the following are some of the most important metro lines currently operating above and below ground in Istanbul:
  • M1 Metro Line, this line connects the central Yenikapi station with Ataturk International Airport.
  • M2 metro line connects Yenikapi and Haciosman Station.
  • M3 metro line connects Kirazli station with Olimpiyatkoy Station in the Basaksehir area.

Metro lines in Istanbul

Metrobus: Istanbul Express Bus Line

With a line length of 50 kilometers and a passenger capacity of more than 800,000 passengers per day, the Metrobus has already contributed to reducing traffic congestion in the city and reduce emissions of harmful gases, making it an environmentally friendly means of transport that facilitates safe and fast commute to the rest of the city. Distinguished by a dedicated route that is not shared by ordinary cars, although it passes through the heart of one of Istanbul's most important roads, the E-5 highway. The most important feature of Istanbul's Metrobus is that it operates 24 hours without interruption! Connecting night with day, and east with west... 
Metrobus lines in Istanbul
The metro line connects the two parts of the European and Asian city, from the Beylikduzu district, the modern suburb of Istanbul, to the Söğütlüçeşme station on the Asian side of the city through more than 45 stations, seven of them are in the Asian side and that’s in a record time not more than 90 minutes, compared to more than 3 hours by car for the same distance peak hours!

Tramway: The electric train in Istanbul

Works through a network of rail spread on the ground, and helps to reach the most modern areas and historical districts in Istanbul, and the number of tram and metro users in Istanbul, together with two million passengers a day and the most famous tramway Istanbul:
  • T1 tram line connecting Kabataş and Bagcilar.
  • T3 tram line connecting Kadikoy and Carsi.
  • T4 tram line that connects the Topkapi and Mescidi selam.
Tramway in Istanbul

Public buses in Istanbul

It is one of the most popular means of transportation in Istanbul. With more than 800 lines and more than 6000 buses, bus lines cover almost all regions and districts of Istanbul and are based on a modern and world-class payment system using Istanbul multi-purpose transport card istanbulkart, This system offers multiple price segments, and offers special discounts and affordable prices by age group such as: the elderly, professional such as: students, teachers, monthly subscriptions, and other leading classifications in line with community values and requirements.
Foreign guests can also use machines to buy and recharge cards in most of the stations in their national languages, including Arabic, English, French, and Russian and Persian ... Special discounts are usually given when embarking again and using it during one hour for more than one bus.
A large proportion of buses and coaches on public transport, metro, Metrobus and tramways are equipped with free internet access for passengers, with suitable plugs for charging smart devices.

Mobiett Application
The Mobiett application, with its two versions on Android and iPhone, is the official application for Istanbul's transport. It is characterized by high accuracy in determining the arrival time of the bus. The bus can be tracked directly on the map in real time, hence, the application supports all transport in Istanbul.

Dolmus: Shuttle buses in Istanbul

A common medium and small size bus with a Shuttle transfer. The cost of transporting the passenger according to the distance and the station he wants to reach is calculated and is fast, with the ability to stop and go anywhere without being restricted to specific positions.  

Istanbul Taxi: Taxis

Taxis are spread throughout Istanbul, where each district has a point or several assembly points, such as malls and large residential complexes, and cars can be easily requested.
Recently, the Greater Istanbul Municipality has launched an improved taxi service that includes cars with brands, modern models and distinctive turquoise color, with a special application for smartphones developed by the private, easy to request taxis within the city, under the name of iTaksi, which is a strong domestic rival for global applications such as Uber!

Itaksi Istanbul is similar to uber

The cost of the trip can be paid in cash, or via Istanbul Card, or even with local and international credit cards.

Ships and Ferries: Maritime Transport in Istanbul

Istanbul is located on both sides of Asia and Europe and is surrounded by many water bodies, which makes maritime transportation a necessity for visitors.
Istanbul Municipality operates maritime passages within specific routes between several stations inside and outside the city. The regular shipping lines are with other cities such as Bursa, Yalova, Balikesir, Kocaeli, Gebze, and Eskihisar. These sea trips are easily booked through (Istanbul Ferries Company) do.
Tourist trips take place every 20 minutes from small ports spread across the two European banks: Yenikapi, Avcilar, Eminounu, Besiktas; and Asian islands such as Princess Islands, Kadikoy, and Uskudar.

Ship of Istanbul
A number of modern real estate projects in Istanbul also offer private sea taxi service, such as Coral Marmara project in Beylikduzu, the project is expected to be launched in June 2019. The residents and guests will be transported via fast sea routes, forgetting traffic congestion in the European side, and shortening hours of waiting on land routes at peak times.

Vital projects in Istanbul

Istanbul New Airport

The new Istanbul airport will connect with 60 countries, and 20 trillion dollar economies, you will also be able to travel from Istanbul to 66 countries in 5 hours!
This is the third airport in the city after Ataturk airport on the European side and Sabiha Gokcen Airport on the Asian side. With these important airports, Istanbul becomes an airport for the whole world!  

Istanbul Airport, New Istanbul Airport, Third Airport

Istanbul Water Canal: The Dream Project

Istanbul Canal project or the project of the era, one of the largest projects to be implemented in the 21st century, is not only in Turkey but internationally, and the project aims to connect the Sea of Marmara with the Black Sea, parallel to the Bosphorus.   
This will be a great opportunity for the real estate sector in the city. Real estate prices started to increase in the city even before the establishment of the canal, especially in areas such as Avcilar, Basaksehir, Kucukcekmece, and Arnaoutkoy. This has resulted in positive results such as the establishment of a number of real estate projects in Basaksehir area, where it witnessed the construction of several commercial complexes, health facilities, gymnasiums, stadiums, and transportation networks.

Eurasia Tunnel in Istanbul

The tunnel connects the two parts of Istanbul via a road below the seabed. It extends 14.6 km, 3.4 km below the bottom of the Bosporus Strait, it is also dedicated to cars and buses with small and medium size, and it reduces the duration of trips from 100 minutes to 15 minutes, to ease the congestion in the streets of Istanbul.

Eurasia Tunnel

Istanbul Third Bridge: Sultan Selim Bridge

Not a normal bridge but an architectural masterpiece as well, and it passes over the Bosphorus Straits and connects the Asian and European shores, and a million and a half million passengers can travel through the two sides of the city of Istanbul, it also contribute effectively to alleviate the problem of traffic congestion in the city.

The third bridge

Mall of Istanbul: The largest multi-purpose mall in Europe

Mall of Istanbul is distinguished by its huge size and it takes more than a day to discover all its secrets. It includes the latest international brands, the most beautiful and largest indoor games city in Europe, and consists of 7 towers and 4 major sections:
  • Residential Complex: Mall of Istanbul apartments within 4 adjacent residential towers.
  • Hotel with hotel apartments: Mall of Istanbul hotel.
  • Commercial Offices: Offices of Mall of Istanbul.
  • Shopping Mall: Mall of Istanbul.
Mall of Istanbul
International Schools in Istanbul
Arabian and international schools in Istanbul are a destination for the Arab community, where thousands of families who have decided to live and own real estate in Istanbul, many of whom wish to complete their children's education in the Arabic language.
These schools teach the curricula adopted in a number of Arab countries, in addition to regard with English, French and Turkish, according to the needs of each family, which has led to a rising demand for these types of schools recently.

Arabic Schools in Istanbul

Istanbul: Round-the-season tourism

If only for one day of the year, the city of Istanbul cannot stop receiving its visitors from the lovers of tourism, who come from the ends of the world to witness with their eyes this unique combination that the city embraces between originality and contemporary.

Museums of Istanbul
Here are some wonderful Istanbul landmarks that will inevitably fall in love with:

Mosque of Hagia Sophia

One of Istanbul's most beautiful architectural and aesthetic monuments was Hagia Sophia. It was a cathedral. At the time of the Islamic conquest of the city it became a mosque, but after the Ottoman rule of Istanbul, it becomes a historical museum.

Mosque of Hagia Sophia, Hagia Sophia Museum

Topkapi Palace

Is the palace where the Ottoman Sultan lived when Istanbul was the capital of the state, and built this palace in the year 1459 AD under the reign of Sultan Mohammed Al-Fatih, and is currently one of the famous tourist attractions in the city. 

Topkapi palace

Sultan Ahmed Mosque (Blue Mosque)

Built during the period between 1609 and 1616 under the supervision of the architect Mohamed Agha, one of the famous scholars of Sinan, during the reign of Sultan Ahmed I, known as the Blue Mosque because its interior walls are decorated with decorated blue Iznik tiles. The reflection of the sun penetrates through the windows on the blue tiles giving it a distinctive beauty.
Turkey is known as the country of mosques or the country of minarets for a large number of mosques, where the number of mosques according to the latest statistics reached 90 thousand mosques.

The Covered Market (Grand Bazaar)

The Grand Bazaar is a famous landmark, attracting nearly 400,000 visitors a day, with around 5,000 diverse shops spread across 60 streets and employing some 26,000 people.
Nobel laureate Joseph Brodsky described the Grand Bazaar in his book Journey to Istanbul as the heart, brain, and spirit of Istanbul, and described it as a city within a city built in the past.

Covered Market, Grand Bazaar
This market was built during the reign of Sultan Muhammad al-Fateh in 1461, and it took about four years to build, and then Sultan Sulaiman al-Qanuni expanded it in the sixteenth century, and this market was hit by an earthquake damaged it and was restored in 1894.

Istanbul Tulip Festival: A paradise in a city

As for the beautiful nature of Istanbul, it is enough to follow the footsteps of tourists, especially in the spring, to find yourself in an open garden of colors reflected in gardens such as the garden of Gulhane, which is next to the Sultanahmet Square, the largest carpet of Tulips in the world every spring!

Gulhane Park, Sultanahmet Square
On a fixed date and for a full month starting from the beginning of April each year, the Tulip Festival moves between the outskirts of Istanbul, to win its charm and attractive appeal.

Istanbul Properties: A sea of choices

The city of Istanbul is becoming more and more glamorous with its world-leading projects, not to mention the desire of the people who rise one day after another to live and settle in apartments in Istanbul.

Istanbul Bridge
It is normal to see the discrepancy in apartments prices in Istanbul, which opens the door wide for investment capitals at all levels and all budgets, and entices the entry of new investment groups to go into the promising field of real estate, especially in light of the facilities and incentives provided by the Turkish government to the real estate sector, Tax reductions, real estate residence, and granting Turkish citizenship in return for real estate investment.

Buy an apartment in Istanbul, buy an apartment in Turkey
Sources:
Anadolu Agency
Turk Press
New Arab Newspaper
Al Jazeera Net
Maaal financial newspaper
Greater Istanbul Municipality
Edited by: Imtilak Real Estate ©
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